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Scientific and Technical Publications
Refereed Journal Articles - The following papers describing results from the CHARA Array since it became operational in 2005 have been published or are in press in refereed scientific journals and are available here. (These, and all subsequent documents, are in PDF format)

  1. First Results from the CHARA Array. I. An Interferometric and Spectroscopic Study of the Fast Rotator α Leonis (Regulus), H.A. McAlister et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 628, 439-452, 2005.
  2. First Results from the CHARA Array. II. A Description of the Instrument, T.A. ten Brummelaar et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 628, 453-465, 2005.
  3. The Projection Factor of δ Cephei: A Calibration of the Baade-Wesselink Method Using the CHARA Array, A. Mérand et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 438, L9-L12, 2005.
  4. First Results from the CHARA Array. III. Oblateness, Rotational Velocity and Gravity Darkening of Alderamin, G.T. van Belle et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 637, 494-505, 2006.
  5. First Results from the CHARA Array. IV. The Interferometric Radii of Low-Mass Stars, D.H. Berger et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 644, 475, 2006.
  6. First Results from the CHARA Array. V. Binary Star Astrometry: The Case of 12 Persei, W.G. Bagnuolo, Jr. et al., The Astronomical Journal, 131, 2695, 2006.
  7. Circumstellar Material in the Vega Inner System Revealed by CHARA/FLUOR, O. Absil et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 452, 237, 2006.
  8. First Results from the CHARA Array VII. Long-Baseline Interferometric Measurements of Vega Consistent with a Pole-On, Rapidly Rotating Star, J.P. Aufdenberg, et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 645, 664-675, 2006.
  9. Extended Envelopes Around Galactic Cepheids II. Polaris and δ Cephei from Near-Infrared Interferometry with CHARA/FLUOR, A. Merand et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 453, 155-162, 2006.
  10. CHARA Array K band Measurements of the Angular Dimensions of Be Star Disks, D.R. Gies et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 654, 527-543, 2007.
  11. The Angular Diameter of λ Bootis, D.R. Ciardi et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 659, 1623-1628, 2007.
  12. Direct Measurement of the Radius and Density of the Transiting Exoplanet HD 189733B with the CHARA Array, E.K. Baines et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 661, L195-L198, 2007.
  13. Extended Envelopes Around Galactic Cepheids III. Y Oph and α Per from Near-Infrared Interferometry with CHARA/FLUOR, A. Mérand et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 664, 1093-1101, 2007.
  14. Imaging the Surface of Altair, J.D. Monnier et al., Science, 317, 342, 2007.
  15. A Near-Infrared Interferometric Survey of Debris Disk Stars I. Probing the Hot Dust Content Around ε Eri and τ Cet with CHARA/FLUOR, E. Di Folco et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 475, 243, 2007.
  16. Strong Near-Infrared Emission Interior to the Dust Sublimation Radius of Young Stellar Objects MWC 275 and AB Aurigae, A. Tannirkulam et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 677, L51-54, 2008.
  17. CHARA Array Measurements of the Angular Diameters of Exoplanet Host Stars, E.K. Baines et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 680, 728, 2008.
  18. The Search for Stellar Companions to Exoplanet Host Stars Using the CHARA Array, E.K. Baines et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 682, 577, 2008.
  19. Angular Diameters of the G Subdwarf μ Cassiopeiae A and the K Dwarfs &sigma Draconis and HR 511 from Interferometric Measurements with the CHARA Array, T.S. Boyajian et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 683, 424, 2008.
  20. The Radii of the Nearby K5V and K7V stars 61 Cyg A & B - CHARA/FLUOR Interferometry and CESAM2k Modeling, P. Kervella et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 488, 667, 2008.
  21. A Near-Infrared Interferometric Survey of Debris Disc Stars. II. CHARA/FLUOR Observations of Six Early-Type Dwarfs, O. Absil et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 487, 1041, 2008.
  22. First Resolved Images of the Eclipsing and Interacting Binary β Lyrae, M. Zhao et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 684, L95, 2008.
  23. A Tale of Two Herbig Ae Stars - MWC 275 and AB Aurigae: Comprehensive Models for SED and Interferometry, A. Tannirkulam et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 689, 513, 2008.
  24. The Visual Orbit of the 1.1-day Spectroscopic Binary σ2 Coronae Borealis from Interferometry with the CHARA Array, D. Raghavan et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 690, 394, 2009.
  25. The Angular Sizes of Dwarf Stars and Subgiants - Non-linear Surface Brightness Relations in BVRclc from Interferometry, P. Kervella & P. Fouque, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 491, 855, 2008.
  26. Angular Diameters of the Hyades Giants Measured with the CHARA Array, T.S. Boyajian et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 691, 1243, 2009.
  27. Dust in the Inner Regions of Debris Disks Around A Stars, R.L. Akeson et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 691, 1896, 2009.
  28. Eleven Exoplanet Host Star Diameters from the CHARA Array, E.K. Baines et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 701, 154, 2009.
  29. Imaging and Modeling Rapidly Rotating Stars: α Cephei and α Ophiuchi, M. Zhao et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 701, 209, 2009.
  30. Asteroseismology and Interferometry of the Red Giant Star ε Oph, A. Mazumdar et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 503, 521, 2009.
  31. Interferometric Observations of the Hierarchical Triple System Algol, Sz. Csizmadia et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 705, 436, 2009.
  32. Imaging with the CHARA Interferometer, E. Pedretti et al., New Astronomy Reviews, 53, 353, 2009.
  33. Angular Diameters and Effective Temperatures of 25 K Giant Stars from the CHARA Array, E.K. Baines et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 710, 1365, 2010.
  34. VEGA: Visible Spectrograph and Polarimeter for the CHARA Array: Principle and Performance, D. Mourard et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 508, 1073, 2010.
  35. The Radius and Effective Temperature of the Binary Ap star β CrB from CHARA/FLUOR and VLT/NACO Observations, H. Bruntt et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 512, 55, 2010.
  36. Infrared Images of the Transiting Disk in the ε Aurigae System, B. Kloppenborg et al., Nature, 464, 870, 2010.
  37. Separated Fringe Packet Observations with the CHARA Array. I. Methods and New Orbits for &chi Draconis, HD 184467, and HD 198084, C. Farrington et al., The Astronomical Journal, 139, 2308, 2010.
  38. Ruling Out Possible Secondary Stars to Exoplanet Host Stars Using the CHARA Array, E.K. Baines et al., The Astronomical Journal, 140, 167, 2010.
  39. The Hα Forming Region of AB Aurigae Spatially Resolved at Sub-AU with the VEGA/CHARA Spectro-Interferometer, K. Rousselet-Perraut et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 516, L1, 2010.
  40. Interferometric Radius and Limb Darkening of the Asteroseismic Red Giant η Serpentis with the CHARA Array, A. Mérand et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 517, 64, 2010.
  41. A Survey of Stellar Families: Multiplicity of Solar-Type Stars, D. Raghavan et al., The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 190, 1, 2010.
  42. Milli-Arcsecond Images of the herbig Ae Star HD 163296, S. Renaud et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 519, 26, 2010.
  43. Time, Spatial, and Spectral Resolution of the H-&alpha Line-Formation Region of Deneb and Rigel with the VEGA/CHARA Interferometer, O. Chesneau et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 521, A5, 2010.
  44. Multi-Epoch Near-Infrared Interferometry of the Spatially Resolved Disk Around the Star ζ Tau, G.H. Schaefer et al., The Astronomical Journal, 140, 1838, 2010.
  45. An Investigation of the Close Environment of β Cep with the VEGA/CHARA Interferometer, N. Nardetto et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525, A67, 2011.
  46. The Radius and Mass of the Close Solar Twin 18 Scorpii Derived from Asteroseismology and Interferometry, M. Bazot et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 526, L4, 2011.
  47. The Fundamental Parameters of the roAp star γ Equulei, K. Perraut et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 526, A89, 2011.

  48. Radial Structure in the TW Hya Circumstellar Disk, R.L. Akeson et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 728, 96, 2011.

  49. Inner Orbits in Hierarchical Triple Systems from the CHARA Array. I. V819 Her B, D. O'Brien et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 728, 111, 2011.

  50. Astrophysical Parameters and Habitable Zone of the Exoplanet Hosting Star GJ 581, K. von Braun et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 729, L26, 2011.

  51. Kinematics and Geometrical Study of the Be Stars 48 Per and ψ Per with the VEGA/CHARA Interferometer, O. Delaa et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 529, 87, 2011.

  52. The Angular Diameter and Effective Temperature of the Lithium-Rich K Giant HD 148293 from the CHARA Array, E.K. Baines et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 731, 132, 2011.

  53. HD 181068: A Red Giant in a Triply Eclipsing Compact Hierarchical Triple System, A. Derekas et al., Science, 332, 316, 2011.

  54. Colder and Hotter: Interferometric Imaging of β Cassiopeiae and α Leonis, X. Che et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 732, 68, 2011.

  55. An Interferometric and Spectroscopic Analysis of the Multiple Star System HD 193322, T.A. ten Brummelaar et al., The Astronomical Journal, 142, 21, 2011.

  56. Spatio-Spectral Encoding of Fringes in Optical Long-Baseline Interferometry - Example of the 3T and 4T Recombining Mode of VEGA/CHARA, D. Mourard et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 531, 110, 2011.

  57. The Binary Be Star δ Scorpii at High Spectral and Spatial Resolution I. Disk Geometry and Kinematics Before the 2011 Periastron, A. Meilland et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 532, 80, 2011.

  58. A Large Hα Line Forming Region for the Massive Interacting Binaries β Lyrae and υ Sagitarii, D. Bonneau et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 532, 148, 2011.

  59. Toward Direct Detection of Hot Jupiters with Precision Closure Phase: Calibration Studies and First Results from the CHARA Array, M. Zhao et al., PublicatIOns of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 123, 964, 2011.

  60. 55 Cancri: Stellar Astrophysical Parameters, a Planet in the Habitable Zone, and Implications for the Radius of a Transiting Super-Earth, K. von Braun et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 740, 49, 2011.

  61. The Diameter of CoRoT Target HD 49933: Combining the 3D Limb Darkening, Asteroseismology, and Interferometry, L. Bigot et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 534, L3, 2011.

  62. The 2011 Outburst of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis. Evidence for a Face-On Bipolar Ejection, O. Chesneau et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 534, L11, 2011.

  63. Chromosphere of K Giant Stars. Geometrical Extent and Spatial Structure Detection, P. Berio et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 535, 59, 2011.

  64. First Visual Orbit for the Prototypical Colliding-Wind Binary WR 140, J.D. Monnier et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 742, L1, 2011.

  65. Fundamental Parameters of the Exoplanet Host K Giant Star ι Draconis from the CHARA Array, E.K. Baines et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 743, 130, 2011.

  66. Measured Diameters of Two F Stars in the β Pic Moving Group, M. Simon and G.H. Schaefer, The Astrophysical Journal, 743, 158, 2011.

  67. Gas Distribution, Kinematics, and Excitation Structure in the Disks Around the Classical Be Stars β Canis Minoris and ζ Tauri, S. Kraus et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 744, 19, 2012.

  68. A Search for Separated Fringe Packet Binaries Using the CHARA Array, D. Raghavan et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 745, 24, 2012.

  69. Stellar Diameters and Temperatures I. Main Sequence A, F & G Stars, T. Boyajian et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 746, 101, 2012.

  70. First Keck Nulling Observations of a Young Stellar Object: Probing the Circumstellar Environment of the Herbig Ae Star MWC 325, S. Ragland et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 746, 126, 2012.

  71. The relationship between γ Cassiopeiae's X-ray emission and its circumstellar environment, M.A. Smith et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 540, 53, 2012.

  72. Mean angular diameters, distances, and pulsation modes of the classical Cepheids FF Aquilae and T Vulpeculae. CHARA/FLUOR near-infrared interferometric observations, A. Gallenne et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 541, 87, 2012.

  73. Imaging the Algol Triple System in the H Band with the CHARA Interferometer, F. Baron et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 752, 20, 2012.

  74. Validation of the exoplanet Kepler-21b using PAVO/CHARA long-baseline interferometry, D. Huber et al., Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 423, 16, 2012.

  75. The Dynamical Mass and Three-Dimensional Orbit of HR 7672B: A Benchmark Brown Dwarf with High Eccentricity, J.R. Crepp et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 751, 97, 2012.

  76. The GJ 436 System: Directly Determined Astrophysical Parameters of an M Dwarf and Implications for the Transiting Hot Neptune, K. von Braun et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 753, 131, 2012.

  77. A High Angular and Spectral Resolution View into the Hidden Companion of ε Aurigae, D. Mourard et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 544, 91, 2012.

  78. A New Interferometric Study of four Exoplanet Host Stars: θ Cygni, 14 Andromedae, υ Andromedae and 42 Draconis, R. Ligi et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 545, 5, 2012.

  79. Fundamental Properties of the Population II Fiducial Stars HD 122563 and Gmb 1830 from CHARA Interferometric Observations, O.L. Creevey et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 545, 17, 2012.

  80. The Relationship between γ Cassiopeiae's X-ray Emission and its Circumstellar Environment. II Geometry and Kinematics of the Disk from MIRC and VEGA Instruments on the CHARA Array, Ph. Stee et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 545, 59, 2012.

  81. Imaging Disk Distortion of Be Binary System δ Scorpii Near Periastron, X. Che et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 757, 29, 2012.

  82. Stellar Diameters and Temperatures. II. Main-Sequence K- and M-Stars, T.S. Boyajian et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 757, 112, 2012.

  83. Fundamental Properties of Stars Using Asteroseismology from Kepler and CoRot and Interferometry from the CHARA Array, D. Huber et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 760, 32, 2012.

  84. The CHARA Array Angular Diameter of HR 8799 Favors Planetary Masses for its Imaged Companions, E.K. Baines et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 761, 57, 2012.

  85. Resolving Vega and the Inclination Controversy with CHARA/MIRC, J.D. Monnier et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 761, L3, 2012.
  86. Multiplicity of Galactic Cepheids from Long-Baseline Interferometry. I. CHARA/MIRC Detection of the Companion of V1334 Cygni, A. Gallenne et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 552, 21, 2013.
  87. A CHARA Array Survey of Circumstellar Disks Around Nearby Be-Type Stars, Y. Touhami et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 768, 128, 2013.
  88. The H-Band Emitting Region of the Luminous Blue Variable P Cygni: Spectrophotometry and Interferometry of the Wind, N.D. Richardson et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 769, 118, 2013.
  89. Spectrally Resolved Interferometric Observations of α Cephei and Physical Modeling of Fast Rotating Stars, O. Delaa et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 555, 100, 2013.
  90. Enhanced Hα Activity at Periastron in the Young and Massive Spectroscopic Binary HD 200775, M. Benisty et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 555, 113, 2013.
  91. Characterization of the Red Giant HR 2582 Using the CHARA Array, E.K. Baines et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 772, 16, 2013.
  92. Stellar Diameters and Temperatures III. Main Sequence A, F, G, & K Stars: Additional High-Precision Measurements and Empirical Relations, T.S. Boyajian et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 771, 40, 2013.
  93. A Near-Infrared Interferometric Survey of Debris-Disk Stars III. First Statistics Based on 42 Stars Observed with CHARA/FLUOR, O. Absil et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 555, 104, 2013.
  94. Interferometric Radii of Bright Kepler Stars with the CHARA Array: θ Cygni and 16 Cygni A and B, T.R. White et al., Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 433, 1262, 2013.
  95. Optical Interferometry of Early-Type Stars with PAVO at CHARA - I. Fundamental Stellar Properties, V. Maestro et al., Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 434, 1321, 2013.
  96. The Fundamental Parameters of the roAp Star 10 Aquilae, K. Perraut et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 559, 21, 2013.
  97. An Interferometric Study of the Post-AGB Binary 89 Herculis. I. Spatially Resolving the Continuum Circumstellar Environment at Optical and Near-IR Wavelengths with the VLTI, NPOI, IOTA, PTI, and the CHARA Array, M. Hillen et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, 559, 111, 2013.
  98. Introduction to the Special Issue on Optical and Infrared Interferometry, T. ten Brummelaar, P. Tuthill & G. Van Belle, Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, 2, 2013.
  99. The Operation of VEGA/CHARA: From the Scientific Idea to the Final Products, R. Ligi et al., Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, 2, 2013.
  100. The Classic/CLIMB Beam Combiner at the CHARA Array, T. ten Brummelaar et al., Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, 2, 2013.
  101. Jouvence of FLUOR: Upgrades of a Fiber Beam Combiner at the CHARA Array, N.J. Scott et al., Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, 2, 2013.
  102. Optical and Mechanical Design of the CHARA Array Adaptive Optics, X. Che et al., Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, 2, 2013.
  103. Expanding the CHARA/FLUOR Hot Disks Survey, B. Mennesson et al., Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, 2, 2013..
  104. Stellar Diameters and Temperatures. V. 11 Newly Characterized Exoplanet Host Stars, K. von Braun et al., Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 438, 2413, 2014.
  105. CHARA/MIRC Observations of Two M Supergiants in Perseus OB1: Temperature, Bayesian Modeling, and Compressed Sensing Imaging, F. Baron et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 785, 46, 2014.
  106. Separated Fringe Packet Observations with the CHARA Array. II. ω Andromeda, HD 178911, and ξ Cephei., C. Farrington et al., The Astronomical Journal, 148, 48, 2014.
Additional Refereed Journal Articles related to CHARA research or authored by CHARA scientists since 2000:

  1. Binary Star Differential Photometry Using the Adaptive Optics System at Mount Wilson Observatory, T.A. ten Brummelaar et al., The Astronomical Journal, 119, 2403, 2000.
  2. ICCD Speckle Observations of Binary Stars. XXIII. Measurements During 1982-1997 from Six Telescopes with 14 New Orbits, W.I. Hartkopf et al., The Astronomical Journal, 119, 3084, 2000.
  3. Search for Faint Companions to Nearby Solar-Like Stars Using the Adaptive Optics System at Mount Wilson Observatory, N.H. Turner et al., The Astronomical Journal, 121, 3254, 2001.
  4. The 2001 U.S. Naval Observatory Double Star CD-ROM. III. The Third Catalog of Interferometric Measurements of Binary Stars, W.I. Hartkopf et al., The Astronomical Journal, 122, 1723, 2001.
  5. The Quadruple System μ Orionis: Three-Dimensional Orbit and Physical Parameters, F.C. Fekel et al., The Astronomical Journal, 123, 1723, 2002.
  6. The CHARA Catalog of Orbital Elements of Spectroscopic Binary Stars, S.F. Taylor et al., Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 115, 609-617, 2003.
  7. Adaptive Optics Photometry and Astrometry of Binary Stars, L.C. Roberts, Jr. et al., The Astronomical Journal, 130, 2262, 2005.
  8. Imaging Shock Fronts in Mira Atmospheres, H.C. Woodruff et al., Memorie della Societa Astronomica Italiana, 77, 186, 2006.
  9. Adaptive Optics Photometry and Astrometry of Binary Stars. II. A Multiplicity Survey of B Stars, L.C. Roberts, Jr. et al., The Astronomical Journal, 133, 545, 2007.
  10. The Long-Period, Massive Binaries HD 37366 and HD 54662: Potential Targets for Long-Baseline Optical Interferometry, T.S. Boyajian et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 664, 1121, 2007.
  11. A New Calibration of Galactic Cepheid Period-Luminosity Relations from B to K bands and a Comparison to LMC PL Relations, P. Fouque et al., Astronomy and Astrophysics, in press, 2007.
  12. A Spectroscopic Orbit for Regulus, D.R. Gies et al., The Astrophysical Journal, 682, L117, 2008.
  13. Adaptive Optics Photometry and Astrometry of Binary Stars. III. A Faint Companion Search of O-Star Systems, N.H. Turner et al., The Astronomical Journal, 136, 554, 2008.
  14. Binary Star Orbits. III. Revisiting the Remarkable Case of Tweedledum and Tweedledee, B.D. Mason et al., The Astronomical Journal, 140, 242, 2010.
Meeting Reports - Reports of meetings and workshops organized or co-organized by CHARA, indluding our annual science reviews in which we gather with members of "The CHARA Collaboration" to assess the previous year and plan for the future can be found here.

Preliminary Engineering Design Reports - The following appendices are available from the final report of the NSF-Supported "Phase B" engineering study for the CHARA Array. This report was the primary supporting technical document for the proposal submitted to the NSF for construction funding for the CHARA Array.

  1. Configuration Diagram from CHARA's Original Proposal, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)

  2. Configuration Diagram (March 2000 Revision), T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  3. A. Science Objectives, H.A. McAlister (CHARA)
  4. B. Array Configuration, W.G. Bagnuolo & W.I. Hartkopf (CHARA)
  5. C. Telescopes, W.G. Robinson (GTRI)
  6. D. Polarization Effects, W.G. Bagnuolo (CHARA)
  7. E. Diffraction Effects, W.G. Bagnuolo (CHARA)
  8. F. Beam Transfer, A.K. Garrison (GTRI)
  9. G. Optical Path Length Equalization, A.K. Garrison (GTRI)
  10. H. Beam Sampling, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  11. I. Visible Light Fringe Tracking, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  12. J. Evaluation of the Channel Spectrum, J.W. Beletic (GTRI)
  13. K. Visible Light Imaging, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  14. L. Infrared Beam Combining and Dectection, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  15. M. Alignment, N.H. Turner & T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  16. N. Differential Path Considerations, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  17. O. Signal to Noise Issue in Quadrant Detectors, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  18. P. Use of CCDs for Fringe Tracking, J.W. Beletic (GTRI)
  19. Q. Performance Limits, W.G. Bagnuolo & T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  20. R. Throughput Calculations and Limiting Magnitudes, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  21. S. Adaptive Optics, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  22. T. Thermal Control and Optical Tolerances (Rev 10/96), S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  23. U. Computer Control, W. Daley & R. Carey (GTRI)
  24. V. Weather Considerations in Site Selection, D.E. Holland (USAF Phillips Lab)
  25. W. Preliminary Geotechnical Investigation, G. Lindsay (SHB Agra, Inc.)
  26. X. Site Facilities, R.G. Vaughan (Kemper-Vaughan, Inc.)
  27. Y. Spectroscopic Capability, I.K. Furenlid & W.G. Bagnuolo, Jr. (CHARA)
  28. Z. Systems Engineering, W.G. Robinson (GTRI)
CHARA Technical Reports - During the final design and construction phases of the CHARA Array, a number of Technical Reports were prepared. These reports continue to be produced from time to time and are made available here:

  1. CHARA's Wobblers: Preliminary Specifications, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  2. Visibility, Optical Tolerances, and Error Budget, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  3. Optical Layout and Error Budget for the Telescope, Catseye, and Beam Compressor, L. Ming (NOAO)
  4. Pipes of Pan - Switchable Optical Delay, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA), T.A. ten Brummelaar & W.G. Bagnuolo (CHARA)
  5. Notes on Using 1.8 meter Telescopes, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  6. Strehl Ratio and Coherence Loss in Long Baseline Interferometry, T.A. ten Brummelaar, W.G. Bagnuolo (CHARA) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  7. Effect of Telescope Deformation on Visibility and Strehl, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  8. Telescope Specifications, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  9. Telescope Design, L. Barr, A. Gerzoff (NOAO) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  10. Telescope Enclosure Specifications, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  11. Interferometer Layouts on Mount Wilson, W.G. Bagnuolo, W.I. Hartkopf (CHARA) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  12. Interferometer Sites on Mount Palomar and Kitt Peak, W.G. Bagnuolo, W.I. Hartkopf (CHARA) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  13. Site Selection for the CHARA Array, H.A. McAlister (CHARA)
  14. Including the Mt. Wilson 100-inch Telescope in the CHARA Array, W.G. Bagnuolo, W.I. Hartkopf (CHARA)
  15. Telescope Primary Mirror Optical Requirements, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA) & L.D. Barr (NOAO)
  16. Telescope Primary Mirror Specifications, L.D. Barr (NOAO) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  17. Wind Effects vs. Optical Path Length Changes for the Telescopes - A Preliminary Rationale, L.D. Barr (NOAO)
  18. The CHARA Array as an ASEPS Resource, H.A. McAlister, W.G. Bagnuolo, W.I. Hartkopf, B.D. Mason (CHARA)
  19. Wobbler Servo Requirements (revised), T.A. ten Brummelaar, J. Hildebrand (CHARA) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  20. Miscellaneous Telescope Drive Considerations, L.D. Barr (NOAO)
  21. Mount Design Issues, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA), L.D. Barr (NOAO) & T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  22. Telescope Enclosure Considerations and Cost Estimate, J. Barr (NOAO) & S.T. Ridgway NOAO & CHARA)
  23. Building Requirements for the CHARA Array, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA), W.G. Bagnuolo, T.A. ten Brummelaar & H.A. McAlister (CHARA)
  24. Correlation Measurement and Group Delay Tracking with a Noisy Detector, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  25. Observing AGNs with an Optical Interferometer, B.D. Mason & T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  26. Beam Synthesis Facility Design Considerations, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA) & H.A. McAlister (CHARA)
  27. Preliminary Unit Cost Estimate for the Mechanical Portion of the CHARA 1-m Telescopes, L.D. Barr (NAOA)
  28. Polarization Revisited, S.T. Ridgway (NAOA & CHARA) & W.G. Bagnuolo (CHARA)
  29. Modeling a Large Baseline Optical Stellar Interferometer Using Zernike Polynomials, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  30. OPLE and POP Considerations, W.G. Bagnuolo & W.I. Hartkopf (CHARA)
  31. CHARA Telescope Specifications and Description: A Supplement to the CHARA Engineering Drawings, L.D. Barr (NOAO)
  32. Telescope Secondary Mirror Specifications, S.T. Ridgway (NAOA & CHARA)
  33. Performance Study of the Primary Mirror: Effects of the Axial and Lateral Support, L.D. Barr (NOAO)
  34. Enclosures and Domes, S.T. Ridgway (NAOA & CHARA)
  35. Optical Table Requirements, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  36. Directed Initial Reduction of Terrain, W.G. Bagnuolo (CHARA) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  37. Optical Performance of the First Primary Mirror, W.G. Bagnuolo (CHARA)
  38. OPLE Mirror Specifications and Requirements, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  39. The Telescope Secondary as a Tip/Tilt Mirror, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  40. Preliminary Software Issues, M. Collins & T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  41. OPLE Optical Table Requirements, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  42. Vibration Tests on the Western OPLE Inertial Slab, N.H. Turner (CHARA) & K. Eckmeder (Newport Corp.)
  43. BCL Optical Table Requirements, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  44. OPLE Drive Issues, L.D. Barr (NOAO) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  45. Telescope Structural Overview, M.K. Cho (NOAO)
  46. The Need for Additional Array Telescopes, W.G. Bagnuolo, H.A. McAlister & A.B. Kaye (CHARA)
  47. Stress in the CHARA Primary Mirror Due to Lifting from the Central Hole, L.D. Barr (NOAO)
  48. The 3D Layout of the CHARA Array, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  49. Expanding (U,V)-Plane Coverage with Outriggers, W.G. Bagnuolo (CHARA)
  50. The OPLE 'T' Support System, S.T. Ridgway (NAOA & CHARA) & T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  51. A 'Strawman' Observing Method and the Array Control System, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  52. Telescope and Dome Control Requirements, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  53. Wobbler Servo Control Requirements, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  54. Another Array Option on Mt. Wilson, W.G. Bagnuolo (CHARA), S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA) & W.I. Hartkopf (CHARA)
  55. Application of a Single Board CCD Camera on a Pentax PCS-215 Theodolite, L. Sturmann (CHARA)
  56. Testing of a Picomotor in the Pressure Range of 0.1-10 Torr, L. Sturmann (CHARA)
  57. Beam-Compressor Mirror Specifications and Requirements, W.G. Bagnuolo(CHARA)
  58. Binary Astronomy Accuracy with Two Telescopes, W.G. Bagnuolo(CHARA)
  59. Flat Mirror Requirements and Specifications, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  60. OPLE Sleeper and Rail Installation Trip Report, W.G. Bagnuolo, W.I. Hartkopf, C.H. Hopper, H.A. McAlister, L.C. Roberts & L. Sturmann (CHARA)
  61. Beam Combining Optical Components, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  62. Self-Weight Deflections of 8-inch Diameters, L.D. Barr (NOAO) & S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  63. Alignment Telescopes, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  64. Design Considerations for the CHARA Optical Delay System Mechanical Support Structure, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA), H.A. McAlister, W.G. Bagnuolo, T.A. ten Brummelaar & M.A. Shure (CHARA)
  65. Plan for Alignment of CHARA Optical Path Length Equalizer Supports and Shafts, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  66. Acquisition Cameras, L. Sturmann (CHARA)
  67. OPLE Cart: Schedule for Delivery from JPL, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  68. Timing and Network Requirements on Mount Wilson, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  69. Optical Path Stability and Fringe Tracking in Optical Stellar Interferometry, R.A. Frazin (UI)
  70. Coding Practices for the CHARA Array, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA) & A. Booth (SUSI)
  71. Small Mirror Specifications, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  72. Choice of Materials for Small Optics, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  73. Aluminum Tube Specification for CHARA Beam Transport, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  74. Local Clocks for Device Controllers, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  75. The Master Clock, L. Sturmann (CHARA)
  76. Beam-Compressor Mirror Specifications, Invitation to Bid, W.G. Bagnuolo(CHARA)
  77. Tertiary Mirror Specifications & Requirements, M.A. Shure (CHARA), S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA) & T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  78. Relay Mirror Specifications & Requirements, M.A. Shure (CHARA), S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA) & T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  79. Fringe Tracking and Visible Imaging: Camera Specifications, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  80. Thermal Effects on Vacuum Tube Supports, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  81. CHARA Array User Interface: Programmer's Manual (June 2000 Version), T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  82. The CHARA First Light Beam Combiner, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  83. First Fringe Program Plan, H.A. McAlister (CHARA)
  84. Beam Heights and Optical Table Alignment, T.A. ten Brummelaar & N.H. Turner (CHARA)
  85. Vacuum Tube Support and Sealing Considerations, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  86. Imaging and Fourier Coverage: Mapping with Depleted Arrays, P.G. Tuthill (SUSI) & J.D. Monnier (UMich)
  87. Visibility Measurements from Fringe Amplitudes Using MathCad with Application to Upsilon Andromedae, H.A. McAlister (CHARA)
  88. Vacuum Access Procedures , S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA) & J. Sturmann (CHARA)
  89. Plan for Commissioning of the CHARA Vacuum System, S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  90. A CHARA Observation Planning Tool, J.P. Aufdenberg (NOAO)
  91. Optical Coatings for CHARA Reflective Surfaces , S.T. Ridgway (NOAO & CHARA)
  92. OPLE Rail Alignment Procedures , C.E. Ogden (CHARA)
  93. Optimum Pixel Size for NIRO Input Optics, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  94. Periscope Mounts and the DL Front Positions, B. Thompson (CHARA)
  95. Telescope Alignment Errors, L. Sturmann & J. Sturman (CHARA)
  96. The Classic/CLIMB Date Reduction: The Math, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)
  97. The Classic/CLIMB Date Reduction: The Software, T.A. ten Brummelaar (CHARA)